|The Goodwrench Quest Part VIII|
This article was taken from the July 2000 issue of Chevy High Performance magazine. This is the eighth of a eight part series.
An Overview of Testing the Goodwrench 350
What started out as a bread-and-butter
basic buildup and dyno-test of GM's brand-new service replacement engine,
the Scoggin-Dickey-supplied Goodwrench 350 snowballed into a full-blown
street thumper spread throughout seven issues in CHP from Sept.
'99 to the present. During our trials with this crate motor, we
learned a thing or two about how to build a better Mouse for less.
We'd also like to take this time to acknowledge Ed Taylor of Ventura
Motorsports who did all the work on the engine and Ken Duttweiler for the
use of his dyno cell.
DYNO-FLOGGING THE MOUSE
To determine if all the bolt-ons we
intended to try were worth their pudding, we first flogged the 350
straight out of the box and were pleasantly surprised at how well this
underrated rodent performed (see test
1-1). Our Goodwrench 350 cranked out 239 hp at 4,100 rpm and 324
lb-ft of torque at 3,700 rpm stone stock. This power level was
acceptable considering we assumed it would only make 190 hp. Then we
replace the stock aluminum Q-jet intake manifold with an Edelbrock
Performer and threw out the cast-iron exhaust manifolds in exchange for
some healthy 1-5/8 inch Hooker headers. The Mouse liked this breath
of fresh air na rewarded us with 26 more horsepower and 26 lb-ft of
additional torque (see test's
1-2 and 1-3).
PORTED HEADS AND A NEW CAM
With the normal bolt-on fare tackled
1, we tore into the top end to swap camshafts and pocket port the
stock iron heads in test
2-2), but not quite enough to justify all the effort. What this
engine needed was a bigger cam. A new Comp Cams XE268H-10 camshaft
was slipped in next to further improve the 350's breathing, and on the
following dyno-pull the 350 responded with more power (see test
2-3). The new cam, intake manifold, and headers along with the
pocket-ported heads were so far worth 97 hp and 57 lb-ft of torque over
stock. Not bad for a few bolt-ons and some backyard
THE ALUMINUM WORLD
Part 3 began with Taylor bolting on a set of L-98 aluminum Corvette heads from GM Performance Parts with Comp Cams 1.5:1 ratio roller-tip rocker arms. The L-98 heads feature a very small 58cc combustion chamber, which bumped the Goodwrench's squeeze up to 10.1:1. We felt that the compression increase alone would net a power increase, although it now required 92-octane fuel. As soon as the engine fired up on the dyno, the idle lope made the increase in compression obvious. Power pulls with the L-98 heads and higher compression didn't net the increase we expected, gaining only 12 peak horsepower and actually losing some midrange torque (see test 3-2). But since these figures compare the pocket-ported iron heads to the rock-stock L-98 heads, much can be said for the performance potential of these factory aluminum castings.
3-3 replaced the Edelbrock Performer intake and factory Q-jet carb
with a Performer RPM intake and 750-cfm Holley double-pumper. The
new carb and intake combo pushed the torque to 402 lb-ft and also produced
a slight horsepower gain. Then to mine a little more power out of
the Corvette heads, we pulled them off and gave them the same pocket-port
treatment that the iron heads received. With our relatively
long-duration cam and good-breathing intake and exhaust system, pocket
porting the L-98 heads didn't net anything notable in this case (compare
to 3-4). It was clear by then that the best overall package so
far had been the stock L-98 heads with the RPM intake, XE268H cam, and
Holley 750 carb.
BACK IN THE IRON WORLD
The L-98 heads proved worthy, but there's a new iron head in Chevy's arsenal that we wanted to try out. The new Vortec iron head borrows its port designs from the very successful LT-1 aluminum head. A complete set of heads sell for $400 and may be the best deal on the planet for mild small-blocks.
Taylor bolted the Vortec heads on our Mouse, and their 64cc combustion chamber instantly lowered compression to 9.1:1. We felt this might not present much of a challenge to the Corvette heads' 10.1:1, but we forged regardless. The first pull netted a peak power increase of 16 hp, but low-rpm torque fell off slightly (see test 4-2). The torque loss calculated out to only a 4 percent average over the entire rpm band, which would hardly be noticeable in a car, but it couldn't be ignored for out test. Then for test No. 4-3, Taylor had Todd McKenzie of McKenzie's Cylinder Heads perform some grinding magic on the Vortec heads. The pocket-ported Vortec heads still suffered in low-end torque compared to the Corvette heads but gained an additional 13 top-end horsepower.
Fine-tuning was next on our list to
see if we could push this bad boy over the 400hp mark. Taylor
swapped out the thicker composition Fel-Pro head gaskets used in the last
tests for an identical set of the thin, rubber-coated Fel-Pro gaskets used
to make power in test
No. 2-2. This increased compression from 9.1:1 to 9.4:1.
This time the added compression did us a favor by bumping torque up 13
lb-ft (see test
5-2). The engine was now only 5 hp shy of 400, and we thought
more valve lift may be the answer. Taylor bolted on a set of 1.6:1
ratio rocker arms from Comp Cams, and for the first time the Goodwrench
350 saw the other side of the 400hp fence, making 402 hp and 416 lb-ft of
torque (see test
5-3). Taylor now had a gut feeling that the exhaust was backing
up and wanted to try some 1-3/4 inch Hooker headers and better-flowing
Borla XR-1 race mufflers. Those parts netted another 7 hp and 14
lb-ft of torque (see test
5-4). We were really smokin' now.
BACK TO ALUMINUM
There's a new aluminum head for 23-degree small-blocks available from TFS that we were aching to try on this engine. The TFS heads share a 64-cc chamber volume with the Vortec heads, so compression didn't change from its 9.4:1 state. The TFS heads right out of the box were not worth much improvement when compared to the ported Vortec heads, gaining only 7 top-end horsepower and losing some torque (see test 6-1). But when you consider the lightweight benefits of aluminum casting and compare the overall costs of both sets of heads ($850 for the TFS heads complete and $650 [$400 stock +$250 for porting] for the Vortec heads), the TFS heads shine as the better choice.
After effectively testing seven sets of cylinder heads, three camshafts, three set of rocker arms, three intake manifolds, two carburetors, and two exhaust systems, we learned what worked and what was wasted effort. In reality, almost any small-block would see similar results to these parts and modifications. By far the biggest improvements came from the cylinder heads, intake, exhaust, and cam installations. One thing's for sure: The Goodwrench 350 crate engine is definitely a deal worth its weight in horsepower.
I hope you all have enjoyed this series that Chevy High Performance magazine did. I did and really enjoyed writing it for you to read. It is sort of sad to say it's over. Maybe they will decide to do another one day.
Thanks for taking the time to read it. Now on to the next project,